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3. Classical Tibetan Language

 

 

Basic Translations

Dedication Prayer

The dedication prayer plays an important role in Buddhist practices

Definition of Existence

The definition of existence is perceiving valid perceptions (pramanas).

The Four Immeasurables

The so-called Four Immeasurables are used to develop great loving kindness, great compassion, great sympathetic joy, and great equanimity.

The four are called immeasurable" because they are thoughts directed at an immeasurable number of beings, and because one gains immeasurable merit from thinking about them.

Freedom From the Four Attachments

The author of this root text was Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, who lived 1092-1158AD.

He was one of the five patriarchs of the Sakya tradition. Manjushri gave this teaching to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo when he was twelve years old. The whole Mahayana Buddhist path is explained in these four lines.

Many extraordinary commentaries were written about this root text in the Sakya tradition, by Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, Jetsun Drakpa Gyeltsen, Sakya Pandita, and many others.

His Holiness Dalai Lama Long Life Prayer

This long life prayer of His Holiness is a very common prayer used when dedicating merits from dharma teachings or other virtuous events.

The wish is that by the good deed may HH Dalai Lama stay around us for as long as possible, have a long life, and may we always be blessed of being in the presence of HH Dalai Lama.

Mandala Offering

The so-called mandala offering is given at the beginning of teachings, or when starting a practice.

The concept is to understand the huge benefit and value of the teachings or the practice, and the practitioner does the biggest offering one could imagine, the whole universe.

Refuge and The Wish Prayer

The Buddhist refuge and bodhichitta prayer is recited at most events as well at the beginning of various Buddhist practices.

It is set in verse for easy chanting, thus there are some interesting issues with grammar that points out how to make sentences that are of equal length.

Shantideva's Bodhichitta Prayer

Master Shantideva's masterpiece, Engaging in the Deeds of a Bodhisattva (Sanskrit bodhicharyaavatara), ends with the tenth chapter that has  dedication as its theme. The 55th verse in this chapter is very amous.

His Holiness Dalai Lama is fond of reciting this verse daily. It has the main concept behind the Mahayana (great vehicle) Buddhism. This book describes the so-called six perfections that a bodhisattva is engaged in.

These are practiced, or perfected, to become a fully enlightened, to get to a state where someone really could help all sentient beings.

Bow Down to Holy Lamas - Paying Homage in Buddhist Texts

Buddhist texts usually have an opening line where the author pays homage to a certain quality or attribute on the Buddhist path. You will encounter these opening lines quite frequently, so it's good to know what they look like. By knowing what is the homage object you could even classify the literature into certain sections. For example, if the author pays homage to Manjushri, the text is dealing with the wisdom aspect of the Buddhist path.

All Phenomena Are Impermanent

All Phenomena Are Impermanent

Vasubandhu Abhidharma-Kosha, Chapter 4, First Sentence

Vasubandhus commentary called abhidharmakosha, Treasure House of Knowledge, is a summary of the higher knowledge including what is higher knowledge, pure and impure things, the five heaps, the parts of the mind, the structure of the universe, what karma is, types of meditation and so forth. The fourth chapter is the Karma chapter; it explains how karma operates. The first line explains how the worlds are created, by the sentient beings karma that forces them to experience the world in a certain way.

Vasubandhu Abhidharma-Kosha, Chapter 4, Second Sentence

Master Vasubandhus commentary called abhidharmakosha, Treasure House of Knowledge, is a summary of the higher knowledge including what is higher knowledge, pure and impure things, the five heaps, the parts of the mind, the structure of the universe, what karma is, types of meditation and so forth. The fourth chapter is the Karma chapter. The Second line in the fourth chapter defines what karma is:

Definition of Renunciation

Definition of Renunciation

 

 

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